Waterfront Communities under threat
En plein boom, la capitale économique du Nigeria a besoin de place. Les autorités veulent voir disparaitre ses bidonvilles, les habitants résistent.
Jesco Denzel s´est plongé dans les marges de cette ville de 20 millions d´habitants.
L´article Les Damnés de Lagos a été publié dans le Magazine 6 Mois #15 printemps-Été 2018
Le mot de Jesco Denzel.
John Avonda stands on top of his house and cannot understand what happened to him. His house is reduced to rubble, he’s standing on a pile of stones in Otodo Gbame community, Lagos, Nigeria. The 65-year-old fisherman was born there and so were his parents. He never moved anywhere, he doesn’t have another place to go to.
Otodo Gbame is an ancient fishing settlement, and in modern-day Lagos there’s no place any more for ancient fishing settlements. The Governor vowed to demolish all ‚informal’ settlements on the shores of Lagos Lagoon. The community of Makoko is the biggest and best-known of them, famous for its unique structures on stilts, build in the over a century ago.
But now big Business is kicking in. Building ground is scarce in Lagos, and powerful families with strong ties to the government are putting their hands on the prime real estates on the waterfront. Makoko might be the next ancient community demolished for a good business deal. Lagos’ population is rapidly growing – that’s the government’s excuse for demolishing slums and setting up apartment blocks – but these apartments are for the rich only. By evicting communities like Otodo Gbame or Makoko, Lagos State renders tens of thousands homeless and stripes them off their livelihoods.